Toller, Ernst

   Playwright. Toller was best known for strident, Expressionist-style plays that enjoyed a vogue in the early 1920s. Deeply scarred by his experiences in World War I (he suffered a nervous collapse and was released from service in 1916), he embraced Marxism as an antidote to German militarism. His participation in the Communist regime briefly established in Bavaria after the war landed him in prison, where he wrote most of his work. His Die Wandlung (The Transformation, 1919), with Fritz Kortner and Heinz Hilpert in the cast, created a sensation in Berlin among audiences genuinely convinced that revolution had arrived; similar plays followed, including Masse-Mensch (Masses and Man, 1922), Die Maschinenstürmer (The Machine-Wreckers, 1922), and Der deutsche Hinkemann (The German Hangman, 1923), along with a political comedy titled Derentfesselte Wotan (Wotan Unchained, 1923), but only Erwin Piscator's production of Hoppla, wir leben! (Hurray, We're Alive!, 1927) returned Toller to the public's eye. It, too, betokened the stridency characteristic of Toller's pessimistic outlook. He left Germany soon after the Nazis came to power and in 1939 hanged himself in a New York hotel room.

Historical dictionary of German Theatre. . 2006.

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  • TOLLER, ERNST — (1893–1939), German playwright and revolutionary. Born in Samotschin, Prussia, Toller was raised in an assimilated Jewish family which prided itself on being representative of German culture in a region heavily populated by   Poles. He… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Toller, Ernst — (1893 1939)    playwright and poet; a personality in Ba varia s* short lived Raterepublik. He was born to an affluent Jewish family near Bromberg in the town of Samotschin (now in Poland*); his aversion to the region s anti Semitism* led him to… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Toller, Ernst — ▪ German writer born Dec. 1, 1893, Samotschin, Ger. died May 22, 1939, New York, N.Y., U.S.  dramatist, poet, and political activist, who was a prominent exponent of Marxism and pacifism in Germany in the 1920s. His Expressionist plays embodied… …   Universalium

  • Toller, Ernst — (1893 1939)    German dramatist and poet. Born in Samotshin, he studied at the University of Grenoble. Later he studied at Munich and Heidelberg. He participated in strikes and was imprisoned. He later engaged in anti war and revolutionary… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Toller, Ernst — ► (1893 1939) Dramaturgo alemán. Participó en la Revolución socialista y estuvo en la cárcel en 1919 24. Obras: Destructores de máquinas (1922) y ¡Hurra, vivimos! (1927), entre otras …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Toller, Ernst —    см. Толлер, Эрнст …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Ernst (Name) — Ernst ist ein männlicher Vorname. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft 2 Varianten 3 Namenstag 4 Bekannte Träger des Vornamens // …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • TOLLER (E.) — TOLLER ERNST (1893 1939) Fils d’un commerçant juif, de la partie de la Pologne annexée alors par la Prusse, Ernst Toller s’engage volontairement lors de la Première Guerre mondiale. Réformé pour sa mauvaise santé, il devient un ardent… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Toller — (del lat. «tollĕre»; ant.) tr. y prnl. *Quitar. * * * toller. (Del lat. tollĕre). tr. desus. quitar. Era u. t. c. prnl. * * * Toller, Ernst …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Ernst Toller — (3. von rechts) in einer Gruppendiskussion mit Max Weber (4. von rechts), Fotografie Mai 1917 bei der Lauensteiner Tagung Ernst Toller (* 1. Dezember 1893 in Samotschin, Provinz Posen; † 22. Mai 1939 in New York) war ein deutscher Schriftsteller …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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